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Today In History

Today In History: Exactly 50 Years Ago, Edward Akufo-Addo Was Named President Of Ghana



Exactly 50 years ago on Aug. 28, 1970, Edward Akuffo-Addo was named President of Ghana. He was the only other member of the Big Six, aside from Dr Kwame Nkrumah, who eventually ascended to the highest position in the land. He was a ceremonial President until the coup d’état in 1972.

Edward Akuffo -Addo was born on 26 June 1906 to William Martin Addo-Danquah and Theodora Amuafi. He was educated at Achimota College, He was a hard-working student and won a scholarship to St. Peter’s College, Oxford University, in the United Kingdom where he read Mathematics, Politics and Philosophy.

Whilst in the United Kingdom, He was called to the Middle Temple Bar in London. In 1941 he returned to the Gold Coast and started private legal practice but was soon caught up in politics. In 1947 he was a founding member of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) and was detained as one of the “Big Six” after disturbances in Accra in 1948. A year later he became a member of the Gold Coast Legislative Council and the Coussey Constitutional Commission.

From 1962 to1964 he was supreme Court Judge ( One of three Judges who sat on Treason trial involving Tawiah Adamafio, Ako Adjei and three others after the Kulungugu bomb attack on Nkrumah and was dismissed with his fellow judges for finding some of the accused not guilty. He was appointed Chief justice in the NLC regime from 1966 to 1970 and became chairman of the Constitutional Commission (Commission that drafted the 1969 Second Republican Constitution). from 1966 to 1968, also at that same period he was head of the NLC Political Commission.

He became president of Ghana in the Second Republic from 1970 to 1972 ( Edward Akuffo-Addo was a ceremonial President and had no executive powers, as all powers lay with the Prime Minister, Dr. Kofi Abrefa Busia) Akufo-Addo was married to Adeline Yeboakwa Akufo-Addo. He died on 17 July 1979 of natural causes.

Source: GhanaFeed.Com


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Today In History

Today In History: Exactly 57 Years Ago Today, Ako-Adjei And Others Were Tried For The Kulungugu Bombing That Nearly Killed Kwame Nkrumah



On 1 August 1962, Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah escaped a bomb assassination attempt on his life at Kulungugu in the Upper East Region.

Following the attempt on President Kwame Nkrumah’s life in Kulungugu, three of his close associates were arrested for the assassination attempt. The accused in the case were Ebenezer Ako-Adjei (foreign minister), Tawia Adamafio (information minister), and Hugh Horatio Cofie-Crabbe (executive secretary of Nkrumah’s political party).

They were jailed under the Preventive Detention Act. CPP publications accused the defendants of complicity in the assassination attempt due to all of them choosing to ride in cars far behind the president when the bomb was thrown.

The trial lasted for over a year and the three were originally cleared by the court, headed by Chief Justice Arku Korsah. Nkrumah subsequently had Korsah dismissed from the bench and appointed a new court, re-charging the exonerated defendants. Nkrumah handpicked the jury in the next court which found the three guilty and sentenced them to death. The death sentences were later commuted to twenty-year sentences.

The three were however released from detention when Kwame Nkrumah was overthrown on February 24th, 1966.

Source: GhanaFeed.Com

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Today In History

Today In History: Exactly 194 Years Ago Today, The People Of Accra Defeated The Mighty Asante Army In The Battle Of Katamanso



In What is recorded in history as the Empire of Asante’s most fatal war since its formation, the battle of Katamanso proved that even the mighty Asante kingdom was not invincible.

The Asantehene Nana Osei Yaw Akoto had amassed an army of 40,000 and vowed to punish the “Akra” people by literally chasing them into the belly of the “kanfra” (a small fish in the ocean).

The Asantehene was furious because the people of Accra had been part of an alliance of local chiefs who had aided the British, Denkyira and Fantis in resisting an Asante advance on Cape Coast in July 1824.

To face the marauding Asante army, an alliance of British, along with Ga -Adangbe, Fanti, Denkyira, Akwamu and Akyems faced the Asante at Katamanso, in a battle that ended Asante dominance over many southern and coastal nations and contributed to the rise of British power and prestige on the coast.

Interestingly, the Akyems were led in battle by Nana Afia Dokuaa, the Okyehene and only woman who was a ruler of a major state. Also important, was the fact that Congreve rockets were used for the first time against the Asante.

The Asantehene lost sixty of his Generals, Chiefs and captains, but few of the commanders escaped with himself and Boateng”.

It is said that the hairstyle worn by the Asante women dubbed “Gyese Nkran”, (except Akra), vulgarized as Densinkran, was introduced to mourn the Asante dead in the Katamansu war.

Source: GhanaFeed.Com

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Today In History

Today In History: Exactly 58 Years Ago Today, Kwame Nkrumah Survived A Deadly Bomb Attack In Kulungugu



Exactly 58 Years ago today, Ghana’s first President, Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah survived a brutal bomb attack in Kulungugu in the Bawku District while returning from the Upper Volta (Burkina Faso).

On August 1st, 1962, the President of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah had stopped in the village of Kulungugu, in the Bawku District, on his way back from an official meeting with President Maurice Yameogo of the Upper Volta (Burkina Faso) at Tenkudugo.

The return road trip in Ghana was complicated by an unusually heavy downpour, putting the usual order of the convoy into disarray over a very bad road.  There was great pressure for the presidential convoy to stop at Kulungugu, a small village on the outskirts of Bawku, to acknowledge school children who had been waiting to catch a glimpse of their president.

As a schoolchild was approaching the president with a bouquet of flowers, according to one account, his military bodyguard Capt Samuel Buckman, hearing the ticking of a timing device getting louder and closer, instinctively wrestled the president to the ground, a split second before the bomb exploded.

Both the president and his military aide de camp experienced non- life-threatening injuries. The child bearing the bouquet was killed and others were severely injured. Nkrumah was treated by a British doctor at Bawku hospital, who removed shrapnel from his back and side.

Though Nkrumah later accused his Minister of Information, Broadcasting, and Presidential Affairs, Tawia Adamafio for being behind the plot, the general consensus is that the attack was carried out by opposition United Party (UP) operatives from northern Ghana who had been trained in Lome, Togo.

In the months of May and June preceding this attack, Nkrumah had ordered the release of many political opponents he had previously detained under the Preventative Detention Act. These included Dr. J. B. Danquah, the leader of the United Party. He had also granted an amnesty to political exiles.

Source: GhanaFeed.Com

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